September 29, 2022

As tensions proceed to rise and the rhetoric heats up, we check out Russia’s nuclear capabilities.

On Wednesday morning, Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered a partial mobilisation whereas threatening to make use of “all weapons out there” in case of assault.

In a pre-recorded speechPutin accused Western international locations of arming Ukraine’s army and inspiring Kyiv to assault Russia.

“Within the occasion of a menace to the territorial integrity of our nation and to defend Russia and our individuals, we will definitely make use of all weapon programs out there to us,” he mentioned. “This isn’t a bluff. And those that attempt to blackmail us with nuclear weapons ought to know that the weathervane can flip and level in the direction of them.”

The US and Kyiv’s Western allies have mentioned Moscow’s newest strikes – together with deliberate annexation referendums in occupied Ukrainian areas – confirmed Russia’s marketing campaign was failing.

As tensions develop and the rhetoric heats up, we check out Russia’s nuclear capabilities.

Which international locations have nuclear weapons?

9 international locations held roughly 12,700 warheads as of early 2022, based on estimates by the Federation of American Scientists.

Whereas Russia and the US have dismantled 1000’s of their retired warheads, they nonetheless personal 90 p.c of the world’s complete nuclear weapons.

On the peak in 1986, the 2 rivals had almost 65,000 nuclear warheads between them, making the nuclear arms race one of the threatening occasions of the Chilly Conflict.

South Africa is the one nation to voluntarily relinquish nuclear weapons. In 1989, the then-government halted its nuclear weapons programme and in 1990 started dismantling its six nuclear weapons.

Two years later, South Africa joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) as a non-nuclear nation.

INTERACTIVE Which countries have nuclear weapons
(Al Jazeera)

Russia’s nuclear programme

Russia has an estimated 5,977 nuclear warheads. About 1,588 warheads are presently deployed which implies they’re on intercontinental missiles and at heavy bomber bases. About half (2,889) of Moscow’s warheads aren’t deployed on launchers however in storage.

The remaining 1,500 warheads are retired and set to be dismantled.

The USSR carried out its first nuclear take a look at on August 29, 1949. Codenamed RDS-1, the take a look at was carried out on the Semipalatinsk take a look at web site in Kazakhstan. Between 1949 and 1990, the Soviet Union carried out a complete of 715 nuclear checks.

In 1961, the Soviet Union carried out the world’s largest nuclear explosion by detonating the Tsar Bomba over the Novaya Zemlya, north of the Arctic Circle. The explosion’s yield was 50 mega-tonnes, 3,300 instances extra highly effective than the nuclear bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

INTERACTIVE Russia's nuclear programme
(Al Jazeera)

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Established in 1968, the NPT goals to forestall the unfold of nuclear weapons and promote the peaceable use of nuclear vitality.

The treaty bans signatories aside from the US, Russia, China, United Kingdom, and France from buying nuclear weapons in return for permitting them to pursue peaceable nuclear programmes for energy era, overseen by the UN.

As many as 190 nations are presently signed up for the treaty, with solely India, Israel, Pakistan and South Sudan by no means being a celebration to it. North Korea signed the treaty in 1985 however withdrew from it in 2003. Three years later, underneath the management of Kim Jong Il, the nation detonated its first nuclear weapon.

INTERACTIVE Non-Proliferation Treaty
(Al Jazeera)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Billionaire Adani made over ₹1,600 Cr in one day. while his fortune doubled in a year Dᴏɴ’ᴛ ᴡᴏʀʀʏ ᴅᴀʀʟɪɴɢ, Cʜʀɪs Pɪɴᴇ ғᴀɴs ᴀʀᴇ ᴊᴏᴋɪɴɢ ᴛʜᴀᴛ ʜᴇ’s ɴᴏ ʟᴏɴɢᴇʀ ᴀᴛ ᴛʜᴇ Vᴇɴɪᴄᴇ Fɪʟᴍ Fᴇsᴛɪᴠᴀʟ Today Top Stories