Within the aftermath of the lethal magnitude 8.8 earthquake that rocked Chile in February 2010, US columnist Bret Stephens – whose model of conservative zealotry instructions a regrettably profitable market within the imperial commentariat – took to the Wall Avenue Journal’s opinion web page to clarify “How Milton Friedman Saved Chile”.
In Stephens’ view, the late free-market fundamentalist was to thank for the truth that the catastrophe didn’t trigger extra injury – and for giving Chileans the “mental wherewithal first to outlive the quake, and now to construct their lives anew”. By no means thoughts that Friedman’s “mental” contributions to the South American nation encompass offering the neoliberal ideology that underpinned the bloody US-backed dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), which 1000’s of Chileans didn’t survive. Tens of 1000’s extra had been tortured by the state.
By no means thoughts, too, that the strict Chilean constructing codes referenced by Stephens hailed from 1972, i.e. from the pre-dictatorship presidency of democratically elected Salvador Allende – whose perception in financial equality, social justice, and different diabolical issues had necessitated the deadly 1973 coup towards him by the guardians of hemispheric order. Following Allende’s election, US President Richard Nixon famously ordered the CIA to “make the [Chilean] economic system scream”. Henry Kissinger, Nixon’s nationwide safety adviser and secretary of state, busied himself setting the stage for the coup.
Quick ahead 49 years and the foundations of order are as soon as once more being shaken – however not by an earthquake. In a obligatory nationwide plebiscite on Sunday, September 4,on whether or not to approve a brand new draft structure to interchange the present one, which dates from 1980 and the Pinochet heyday.
The draft happened in accordance with an October 2020 referendum wherein 78 p.c of voters expressed help for a brand new nationwide structure. This was one 12 months afterin Chile had shone one more mild on the nation’s devastating ranges of inequality and social disintegration – and on the willful obtuseness of anybody who calls Milton Friedman a “saviour”.
By way of equality, the draft structure doesn’t fail to ship. For starters, it’s the first structure on the earth to be drawn up by an equal variety of men and women, with important illustration from Indigenous communities, as properly.
As CNN’s Spanish web site notes, the doc racks up quite a few different firsts, too. It will be the primary Chilean structure to enshrine rights for, inter alia, girls, kids, and LGBTQ and gender-nonconforming folks. In an unprecedented stand on behalf of Indigenous rights, the textual content defines Chile as a “plurinational” state, proposing higher autonomy for Indigenous territories and the popularity of Indigenous authorized techniques.
The brand new structure would moreover guarantee a girl’s proper to terminate a being pregnant – a progressive step certainly in a rustic the place. Additionally proposed are measures to restrict the well-established potential for abuse by state safety forces. In distinction to the 1980 structure, the brand new 178-page draft doesn’t as soon as point out the phrase “terrorism”, which, as elsewhere in Latin America, lengthy served as a useful excuse for inflicting corporate-friendly state terror – all, after all, with the blessing and assist of the US.
Plus, the brand new textual content contains numerous protections for organised labour and ensures fundamental rights like well being, training, shelter, meals, and water – which, nonetheless fundamental they could be, nonetheless spell sacrilege from a neoliberal perspective.
In different phrases, voting “sure” on September 4 is perhaps a reasonably good strategy to purge the ghost of Pinochet as soon as and for all. And but a right-wing disinformation marketing campaign has achieved its greatest to maintain the ghost alive, by propagating such fearsome tales as that – within the occasion the draft structure is permitted – personal property shall be abolished, abortions shall be carried out at 9 months of gestation, and the nation shall be spontaneously transformed into an Indigenous tyranny incorporating parts of Venezuela and Cuba.
Granted, there are additionally loads of Chilean leftists who argue that the brand new doc doesn’t go far sufficient. However it’s nonetheless a breath of recent air in a world asphyxiated by capitalism – significantly given its emphasis on Chile as an “ecological” entity, the place the state should play an energetic position in safeguarding the rights of nature together with human environmental rights.
It’s all definitely extra inspiring than the structure of america, which has been compelled down the throat of many a growing nation as a mannequin – although the nation was based on the factors out“the phrase water seems solely as soon as within the Structure, in a provision that allows Congress to public sale off enemy warships”.and the institutionalised inequality of human beings. Whereas the suitable to bear arms is enshrined within the US structure, the suitable to extra elementary issues is just not, and, because the New York-based Pure Assets Defence Council (NRDC)
Now, half a century after the US undertook to derail Chilean democracy, Chile has paved the best way for extra inclusive and participatory governance than ever: a novel contract between state, citizen, and setting that has no place for Milton Friedman’s neoliberal earthquake. And whereas it stays to be seen whether or not the constitutional vote constitutes a tectonic shift, the entire course of is at the very least shaking issues up within the meantime.
The views expressed on this article are the writer’s personal and don’t essentially replicate Al Jazeera’s editorial stance.