September 27, 2022

Al Jazeera takes a take a look at the life and household of Queen Elizabeth II, the longest-reigning British monarch.

Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest-reigning monarch, has died at 96 after 70 years on the throne, Buckingham Palace has mentioned.

Elizabeth II was born in London on April 21, 1926. She was most probably set to stay a princess till she was nudged in direction of succession by the abdication of her uncle, King Edward VIII, in 1936, and her father – King George VI – was topped.

In 1952, when she was 25 years outdated, Elizabeth acceded to the throne, following the demise of her father.

In 2015, she turned the UK’s longest-ruling monarch overtaking her great-great grandmother Queen Victoria, who reigned for greater than 63 years.

Succession to the British throne determines who will change into the following king or queen. It’s determined based mostly upon descent, faith and primogeniture.

Protestant descendants of Princess Sophia, the granddaughter of James I, are eligible to the throne. The long run monarch should even be “in communion” with the Church of England.

Beforehand, youthful male heirs acceded to the throne displacing elder daughters. Nevertheless, in 2013, a legislation was handed that allowed feminine heirs equal rights within the line of succession.

Previous to the demise of Queen Elizabeth II, the road of succession for the British crown was:

Charles, the prince of Wales (73)
Prince William, the duke of Cambridge (40)
Prince George (9)
Princess Charlotte (7)
Prince Louis (4)

INTERACTIVE - Succession to the British throne
(Al Jazeera)

Political milestones

Throughout Queen Elizabeth’s 70-year reign, the UK has been led by 15 totally different prime ministers.

The queen performed an essential function in approving elected prime ministers and met them often.

When Elizabeth II acceded to the throne, Winston Churchill was the primary prime minister she had dealings with. When Churchill died in 1965, the queen broke royal protocol when she arrived at his funeral earlier than his household.

Within the span of the queen’s rule, many vital royal, nationwide and world occasions occurred, from the institution of the European Union (EU) to the Iraq Struggle and the UK’s exit from the EU.

In 2011, the queen made the primary state go to by a monarch to Eire, marking a big second in British and Irish historical past given the nations’ fraught historic relationship.

In 2021, Prince Philip, the queen’s husband of 73 years, handed away. The couple have been married in 1947 and the queen described him as her “energy and keep”.

INTERACTIVE - Queen Elizabeth Major milestones Sept 2022
(Al Jazeera)

Commonwealth nations

The queen was the top of state to fifteen nations, all a part of the Commonwealth – a 54-member group of former British colonies – with a complete inhabitants of two.5 billion individuals.

Throughout the Nineteen Sixties, greater than 20 former British colonies turned impartial. Throughout this era, immigration from the Commonwealth states to the UK elevated.

Nevertheless, it was additionally a interval of intensive emigration of Britons overseas. As such, the 1962 Commonwealth Immigrants Act was established to curtail immigration from Commonwealth states.

Throughout the years, 17 nations have eliminated the queen as their head of state and have become republics. In November 2021, the Caribbean island nation of Barbados turned the newest nation to take action.

INTERACTIVE - Where Elizabeth was head of state
(Al Jazeera)

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