September 27, 2022

Accession of King Charles III has led to renewed calls in Caribbean nations to take away the monarch as their head of state.

The demise of Queen Elizabeth II has sparked an outpouring of condolences from around the globe, however in some former colonies, questions are being raised in regards to the monarchy’s future.

The accession of King Charles III to the British throne has renewed calls from politicians and activists within the Caribbean to take away him as their head of state.

We check out the controversy going down across the Commonwealth.

What are the Commonwealth and the realm?

  • The Commonwealth is a political affiliation of 56 international locationslargely former British colonies.

  • The voluntary affiliation covers 2.5 billion folks throughout the globe. Togo and Gabon turned the newest members this yr, regardless of by no means having been underneath British rule.
  • Of these 56 international locations, 14 are a part of the commonwealth realm; these international locations nonetheless hold King Charles as their monarch.

  • Along with the UK, these international locations embrace Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.

  • The opposite international locations turned impartial after Queen Elizabeth II took the throne in 1952, and lots of have since thrown off the monarchy, however she noticed the Commonwealth as a technique to hold the varied nations collectively.

  • At a summit in 2018, Commonwealth leaders confirmed that Charles would observe her as head of the organisation when she died.

  • Nevertheless, requires change are rising amid the Commonwealth realm, and a few international locations have expressed curiosity in turning into a republic.

Which international locations are contemplating a change?

  • Antigua and Barbuda, Jamica, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

  • Shortly after Charles was confirmed king of Antigua and Barbuda, Prime Minister Gaston Browne stated he meant to carry a republic referendum “inside the subsequent three years”.

  • “This isn’t an act of hostility or any distinction between Antigua and Barbuda and the monarchy, however it’s the ultimate step to finish that circle of independence,” he instructed broadcaster ITV Information.

  • Requires change are additionally rising in Jamaica, the place Prime Minister Andrew Holness instructed Charles’ son William in March that the nation was “shifting on” as an impartial nation.

  • An August survey confirmed 56 p.c of Jamaicans favour eradicating the British monarch as the top of state.

  • In Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves proposed a referendum in July however stated he would solely pursue it if there’s bipartisan assist.

  • The royals have stated they’d not stand in its manner.

  • “I need to say clearly, as I’ve stated earlier than, that every member’s Constitutional association, as republic or monarchy, is solely a matter for every member nation to determine,” Charles stated at a Commonwealth summit in June this yr.

Which international locations need to stay the identical?

  • Thus far, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu.

  • New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern stated on Monday her authorities won’t pursue turning into a republic following the demise of Queen Elizabeth II.

  • Ardern stated she thought New Zealand will finally grow to be a republic, and it might in all probability occur inside her lifetime, however that there have been extra urgent points for her authorities.

  • In Canada, republicans are in a minority, and on Saturday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau affirmed the nation’s loyalty to the brand new king.

  • “On behalf of the Authorities of Canada, we affirm our loyalty to Canada’s new king, his majesty King Charles III, and provide him our full assist,” Trudeau stated.

  • The query of Australia turning into a republic is a hotly debated subject, with polls over time displaying near-equal assist for each the monarchists and republicans.

  • Australia held a referendum on turning into a republic in 1999, which was narrowly defeated.

  • Requested in a radio interview if the Queen’s demise takes Australia nearer to being a republic, Prime Minister Anthony Albanese stated it was not the time to speak about it.

  • Leaders in Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu have expressed their assist for the monarchy in latest days.

What’s the place of the 5 remaining international locations?

  • The 5 remaining international locations are Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Saint Lucia.

  • The choice of Barbados to ditch the queen as head of state in November 2021 was seen as a lift for the republican trigger, and Belize has stated it needs to observe go well with.

  • Within the Bahamas, following a go to by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prime Minister Phillip Davis stated he hopes that through the celebrations of the fiftieth anniversary of independence, “there’s a vigorous dialogue and debate about our future: about who we’re and what we need to be.”

  • In Grenada, folks have additionally questioned the crown’s function within the nation and Arley Grill, the chairman of Grenada’s Nationwide Reparations Committee, stated early this yr that the monarchy has misplaced “its relevance and significance.”

  • In April, Saint Kitts and Nevis additionally indicated their intention to revise the connection with the monarchy.

  • “The development of the a long time has taught us that the time has come for St Kitts and Nevis to evaluation its monarchical system of presidency and to start the dialogue to advance to a brand new standing,” Shawn Richards, the deputy prime minister, stated.

  • And in Saint Lucia, there have additionally been calls to grow to be a republic. In April, former Prime Minister Allen Chastanet stated he supported these calls.

  • “I definitely imagine, like many different folks, the time has come to make that change in turning into a republic,” he stated.

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